EORI Numbers

This article describes what an EORI number is, and how a business in Ireland or Northern Ireland should apply to get their number.

What is an EORI Number?

An EORI number (Economic Operators Registration and Identification number) is a unique numerical reference which allows customs authorities to identify the specific business involved in international trade.

Do I need an EORI number for Cross-Border Trade?

An EORI number is not required for cross-border trade in either direction between Ireland and Northern Ireland.

An EORI number will however be required by businesses in either Northern Ireland or Ireland when trading with Great Britain or another country outside of the EU.

As with trade between Northern Ireland and Ireland there is no requirement for an EORI number for trade between Northern Ireland and Ireland and any EU member state.

Is an EORI number the same as a VAT number?

An EORI number is linked to a VAT number (if a business has one) however, it is not the same and will need to be applied for separately.

My business is based in Northern Ireland. Do I need a GB or XI EORI?

If your business is based in Northern Ireland, you will need an XI EORI number. To obtain this number you will need to have previously received a GB EORI number.

Can an XI or IE EORI number be used in any EU country?

An XI or IE EORI number can be used in any EU member state.

How do I apply for an EORI number?

A GB and XI EORI number can be applied for via GOV.UK: Get an EORI number.

An IE EORI number can be applied for via gov.ie: Register with Revenue for an EORI.


icons8-speech-bubble-66  Do you need further support?

If you require further assistance  please use the chatbot where, subject to eligibility, you may be able to receive specialist consultancy advice from an approved InterTradeIreland service provider.

Simply click the chat icon at the bottom right to get started.


Prepared by the InterTradeIreland Trade Hub Team.

Article reviewed: December 2023